Physiopathology of Malaria During Pregnancy: Adhesion and Sequestration Phenotypes of Malaria Infection
Cytoadhesion in malaria is the ability of the parasite to adhere to endothelial cell receptors. Cytoadhesion during pregnancy may occur at the placenta where the Plasmodium parasites can adhere to CSA receptors.
Adult women living in a malaria-endemic area are more susceptible to malaria symptomatic disease during the first pregnancy. Although severe malaria is more common during the first years in life, malaria during pregnancy, especially in the first pregnancy, is a peculiar case. Malaria in pregnancy can cause severe disease to the mother and to the fetus. Severe maternal anemia and low birth weight babies are some consequences of malaria in pregnancy (Brabin 1983).
The sequestration of the parasite in the placenta is a mechanism that protects the parasite from being eliminated by the spleen. On the other hand, for the host, the sequestration of infected...
KeywordsSevere Malaria Cerebral Malaria Infected Erythrocyte Placental Malaria Endothelial Receptor
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