Encyclopedia of Malaria

Living Edition
| Editors: Peter G. Kremsner, Sanjeev Krishna

Physiopathology of Malaria During Pregnancy: Adhesion and Sequestration Phenotypes of Malaria Infection

  • Fabio Trindade Maranhão Costa
  • Letusa Albrecht
  • Nicaise Tuikue Ndam
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8757-9_66-1

Synonyms

Definition

Cytoadhesion in malaria is the ability of the parasite to adhere to endothelial cell receptors. Cytoadhesion during pregnancy may occur at the placenta where the Plasmodium parasites can adhere to CSA receptors.

Introduction

Adult women living in a malaria-endemic area are more susceptible to malaria symptomatic disease during the first pregnancy. Although severe malaria is more common during the first years in life, malaria during pregnancy, especially in the first pregnancy, is a peculiar case. Malaria in pregnancy can cause severe disease to the mother and to the fetus. Severe maternal anemia and low birth weight babies are some consequences of malaria in pregnancy (Brabin 1983).

The sequestration of the parasite in the placenta is a mechanism that protects the parasite from being eliminated by the spleen. On the other hand, for the host, the sequestration of infected...

Keywords

Severe Malaria Cerebral Malaria Infected Erythrocyte Placental Malaria Endothelial Receptor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Genetics, Evolution and Bioagents, Institute of BiologyUniversity of CampinasCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Institute Carlos Chagas, FIOCRUZ-PARANÁPRBrazil
  3. 3.PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Faculté de PharmacieUniversité Paris DescartesParisFrance
  4. 4.Mother and Child Health in the Tropics, Faculté de PharmacieInstitut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR216-MERIT, Université Paris DescartesParisFrance