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Thumb Hypoplasia

  • Scott H. Kozin
  • Dan A. Zlotolow
Reference work entry

Abstract

Thumb hypoplasia may be an isolated finding or associated with varying degrees of radius hypoplasia. The classification of thumb hypoplasia is relatively straightforward, and the treatment paradigm is well defined. Furthermore, the outcome is predictable as long as the principles of management are followed. In contrast, the treatment of radius hypoplasia remains difficult, and obtaining a consistent favorable outcome is elusive as detailed in the chapter covering radius and ulnar deficiencies. This chapter will focus entirely on the “thumb” with a focus on diagnosis, classification, and treatment to maximize the most important digit of the hand. As humans, we can function extremely well with a “thumb” and an adjacent “post” for prehension. Without a thumb, we are relegated to a primitive hand lacking an opposable digit with diminished function.

Keywords

Index Finger Fanconi Anemia Sensorimotor Cortex Kirschner Wire Tendon Transfer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Video 1

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Video 2

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shriners Hospitals for ChildrenPhiladelphiaUSA

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