Radiologic Percutaneous Gastrostomy for Enteral Access in Patients Requiring Long-Term Nutritional Support

  • Diego A. Covarrubias
  • Gabriel M. Covarrubias
  • Jessica M. Ho
Living reference work entry


The availability of ready access to dietary and nutritional support is a basic necessity for the maintenance of adequate health. Appropriate nutrition becomes even more crucial in the diseased state as the gut is a large, dynamic organ that can have a profound influence on the immune response. Direct enteral access via radiologic percutaneous gastrostomy or gastrojejunostomy tube placement provides a safe and effective means of maintaining nutrition, particularly in chronic disease or critical care situations when long-term, reliable enteric access is required. The following chapter addresses all aspects of RPG, including indications and preparation for placement, procedure technique, potential complications, and care following placement.


International Normalize Ratio Enteral Nutrition Nutritional Support Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Gastrostomy Tube 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations


Complete blood count


Computed tomography


Enteral nutrition


Gastrojejunostomy tube


Gastrostomy tube


Intensive care unit


International normalized ratio


Low-molecular-weight heparin


Nasogastric tube


Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy


Prothrombin time


Partial thromboplastin time


Radiologic percutaneous gastrostomy


Society of Interventional Radiology


Total parenteral nutrition


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diego A. Covarrubias
    • 1
  • Gabriel M. Covarrubias
    • 2
  • Jessica M. Ho
    • 3
  1. 1.Interventional Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging ServicesKaiser Permanente West Los Angeles Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyColumbia University Medical Center / New York-Presbyterian HospitalNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Southern California Keck School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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