Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Star Schema

  • Konstantinos MorfoniosEmail author
  • Yannis IoannidisEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_888


Star join schema


A star schema has one “central” table whose primary key is compound, i.e., consisting of multiple attributes. Each one of these attributes is a foreign key to one of the remaining tables. Such a foreign key dependency exists for each one of these tables, while there are no other foreign keys anywhere in the schema. (In the above, without loss of generality, the assumption is made that all these other tables have simple primary keys. This is usually the case in almost all practical situations, and as for efficiency, these keys are typically generated surrogate keys.)

Key Points

Most data warehouses that represent the multidimensional conceptual data model in a relational fashion [1, 2] store their primary data as well as the data cubes derived from it in star schemas. The “central” table and the remaining tables of the definition above correspond, respectively, to the fact table and the dimension tablesthat are typically found in data warehouses....

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Chaudhuri S, Dayal U. An overview of data warehousing and OLAP technology. ACM SIGMOD Rec. 1997;26(1):65–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kimball R, Ross M. The data warehouse toolkit: the complete guide to dimensional modeling. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley; 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OracleRedwood CityUSA
  2. 2.University of AthensAthensGreece

Section editors and affiliations

  • Torben Bach Pedersen
    • 1
  • Stefano Rizzi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.DISIUniv. of BolognaBolognaItaly