Digital libraries (DLs) are complex information systems that have facilities for storage, retrieval, delivery, and presentation of digital information. They are complex in nature because of the broad range of activities they may need to perform, and because they may need to serve multiple types of audiences. Thus, the broadest definitions include the people and agents/actors involved, as well as the software, content, structure/organization(s), services, policies, procedures, etc.
One of the earliest detailed works about digital libraries (DLs) was prepared by Licklider , who envisioned a network of computers with digitized versions of all of the literature ever published. However, the term “digital library” became widely used only around 1991, in connection with a series of workshops funded by the US National Science Foundation, which later led to significant NSF support of R&D DL projects (http://www.dli2.nsf.gov/),...
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