Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

ACID Properties

  • Gottfried VossenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_831


ACID properties; Atomicity; Consistency preservation; Durability; Isolation; Persistence


The conceptual ACID properties (short for atomicity, isolation, consistency preservation, and durability) of a transaction together provide the key abstraction which allows application developers to disregard irregular or even malicious effects from concurrency or failures of transaction executions, as the transactional server in charge guarantees the consistency of the underlying data and ultimately the correctness of the application [1, 2, 3]. For example, in a banking context where debit/credit transactions are executed, this means that no money is ever lost in electronic funds transfers and customers can rely on electronic receipts and balance statements. These cornerstones for building highly dependable information systems can be successfully applied outside the scope of online transaction processing and classical database applications as well.

Key Points

The ACID properties...
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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Bernstein PA, Hadzilacos V, Goodman N. Concurrency control and recovery in database systems. Reading: Addison-Wesley; 1987.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bernstein PA, Newcomer E. Principles of transaction processing for the systems professional. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann; 1997.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gray J, Reuter A. Transaction processing: concepts and techniques. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann; 1993.zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information SystemsWestfälische Wilhelms-UniversitätMünsterGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Gottfried Vossen
    • 1
  1. 1.Dep. of Inf. SystemsWestf. Wilhelms-UniversitätMünsterGermany