Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Extended Transaction Models and the ACTA Framework

  • Panos K. ChrysanthisEmail author
  • Krithi Ramamritham
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_715


Advanced transaction models; Generalization of ACID properties


Although powerful, the transaction model adopted in traditional database systems is found lacking in functionality and performance when used for applications that involve reactive (endless), open-ended (long-lived) and collaborative (interactive) activities. Hence, various extensions to the traditional model have been proposed, referred to as extended transactions. These models are characterized by the structure of their transactions, the commit and abort dependencies and the visibility rules among transactions. ACTA is a comprehensive transaction framework that facilitate the specification, analysis and synthesis of extended transaction models. The name ACTA, meaning actions in Latin, was chosen given the framework’s appropriateness for expressing the properties of actions used to compose a transactional computation.

Key Points

By means of the notion of transactions, database systems offer reliability...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Chrysanthis PK, Ramamritham K. Synthesis of extended transaction models using ACTA. ACM Trans Database Syst. 1994;19(3):450–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Elamagarmid AK. Database transaction models for advanced applications. Los Altos: Morgan Kaufmann; 1992.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ramamritham K, Chrysanthis PK. A taxonomy of correctness criteria in database applications. VLDB J. 1996;4(1):181–293.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Panos K. Chrysanthis
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Computer ScienceUniv. of PittsburghPittsburghUSA