Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Active Database, Active Database (Management) System

  • Mikael BerndtssonEmail author
  • Jonas Mellin
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_502


An active database (aDB) or active database (management) system (aDBS/aDBMS) is a database (management) system that supports reactive behavior through ECA rules.

Historical Background

The term active database was first used in the early 1980s [ 12]. Some related active database work was also done within the area of expert database systems in the mid 1980s, but it was not until the mid/late 1980s that the research on supporting ECA rules in database systems took off, for example [ 10, 12, 18]. During the 1990s, the area was extensively explored through more than 20 suggested active database prototypes and a large body of publications:
  • Seven workshops were held between 1993 and 1997: RIDS [12, 16, 17], RIDE-ADS [20], Dagstuhl Seminar [5], and ARTDB [3, 4].

  • Two special issues of journals [8, 9] and one special issue of ACM SIGMOD Record [1].

  • Two textbooks [13, 19] and one ACM Computing Survey paper [15].

In addition, the groups within the ACT-NET consortium (A European research...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    ACM SIGMOD (Special Interest Group on Management of Data) Record. Special issue on rule management and processing in expert databases; 1989.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ACT-NET consortium the active database management system manifesto: a rulebase of ADBMS features. ACM SIGMOD Rec. 1996; 25(3):40–9.Google Scholar
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    Alferes JJ, Amador R, May W. A general language for evolution and reactivity in the semantic web. In: Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Principles and Practice of Semantic Web Reasoning; 2005. p. 101–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Andler SF, Hansson J, editors. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Active, Real-Time, and Temporal Database Systems; 1998.Google Scholar
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    Berndtsson M, Hansson J. Workshop report: the first international workshop on active and real-time database systems. SIGMOD Rec. 1996;25(1):64–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Buchmann A, Chakravarthy S, Dittrich K. Active databases. Dagstuhl seminar No. 9412, Report No. 86; 1994.Google Scholar
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    Chakravarthy S, editor. IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin. Special issue on active databases, vol. 15. 1992.Google Scholar
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    Chakravarthy S, Widom J, editors. Special issue on the active database systems. J Intell Inf Syst. 1996;7(2):109–10Google Scholar
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    Dayal U, Blaustein B, Buchmann A, et al. S.C. HiPAC: a research project in active, Time-constrained database management. Technical report CCA-88-02, Xerox advanced information technology, Cambridge; 1988.Google Scholar
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    Dittrich KR, Kotz AM, Mulle JA. An event/trigger mechanism to enforce complex consistency constraints in design databases. ACM SIGMOD Rec. 1986;15(3):22–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Geppert A, Berndtsson M, editors. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Rules in Database Systems; 1997.Google Scholar
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    Morgenstern M. Active databases as a paradigm for enhanced computing environments. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Very Data Bases; 1983. p. 34–42.Google Scholar
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    Paton NW, editor. Active rules in database systems. Monographs in computer science. Springer; 1999.Google Scholar
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    Paton NW, Diaz O. Active database systems. ACM Comput Surv. 1999;31(1):63–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Paton NW, Williams MW, editors. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Rules in Database Systems; 1994.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
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    Sellis T, editor. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Rules in Database Systems; 1995.Google Scholar
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    Stonebraker M, Hearst M, Potamianos S. Commentary on the POSTGRES rules system. SIGMOD Rec. 1989;18(3):5–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Widom J, Ceri S, editors. Active database systems: triggers and rules for advanced database processing. Morgan kaufmann; 1996.Google Scholar
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    Widom J, Chakravarthy S, editors. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Research Issues in Data Engineering – Active Database Systems; 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Skövde, The Informatics Research CentreSkövdeSweden
  2. 2.University of Skövde, School of InformaticsSkövdeSweden

Section editors and affiliations

  • M. Tamer Özsu
    • 1
  1. 1.Cheriton School of Computer ScienceUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada