Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2018 Edition
| Editors: Ling Liu, M. Tamer Özsu

Resource Description Framework (RDF) Schema (RDFS)

  • Vassilis ChristophidesEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8265-9_1319


Conceptual schemas


An RDF schema (RDFS) is represented in the basic RDF model and provides (i) abstraction mechanisms, such (multiple) class or property subsumption and (multiple) classification of resources; (ii) domain and range class specifications to which properties can apply; (iii) documentation facilities for names defined in a schema.

RDF/S follow the W3C design principles of interoperability, evolution and decentralization. In particular, it is possible to interconnect in an extensible way resource descriptions (by superimposing different statements using the same resource URIs) or schema namespaces (by reusing or refining existing class and property definitions) regardless of their physical location on the Web.

Key Points

Over the last decade, RDF and its accompanying RDFS specifications has been the subject of an extensive collaborative design effort. (1http://www.w3.org/RDF) RDF/S was originally developed as an application-neutral model to represent...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Beckett D. RDF/XML syntax specification (revised). W3C recommendation. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-syntax-grammar/. 2004.
  2. 2.
    Brickley D, Guha RV. RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema. W3C Recommendation. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-schema/. 2004.
  3. 3.
    Hayes P. RDF Semantics. W3C Recommendation. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-mt/. 2004.
  4. 4.
    Klyne G, Carroll J. Resource Description Framework (RDF): Concepts and Abstract Syntax. W3C Recommendation. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-concepts/. 2004.
  5. 5.
    Manola F, Miller E. RDF Primer W3C Recommendation. Available online at: http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/. 2004.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INRIA Paris-RoquencourtParisFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Avigdor Gal
    • 1
  1. 1.Fac. of IE & Mgmt.Technion--Israel Inst. of TechnologyHaifaIsrael