Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Living Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Prosocial Behaviors

  • Sébastien Roussel
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7883-6_710-2

Abstract

Prosocial behaviors contribute to the well-being of others following activities like charitable giving or volunteering. Theories that explain prosocial behaviors are pure altruism and impure altruism, inequality aversion reciprocity and conditional cooperation. These theories are linked to a system of motivations, that is intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and image motivation. Social norms play a key part in one’ s motivations to behave prosocially, in particular with regard to image motivation and likely sanctions when one’s deviates from these norms. The expressive power of law leads to norms legitimacy. Prosocial behaviors are mainly studied in the literature in economics and psychology, especially in behavioral and experimental economics.

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsCEE-M, Université Montpellier, CNRS, INRA, SupAgro, Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3MontpellierFrance