Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

Living Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Prostitution, Demand and Supply of

  • Øystein Hernæs
  • Niklas Jakobsson
  • Andreas Kotsadam
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7883-6_39-1

Abstract

The market for sex is a contentious one, and has often been subject to heavy regulation. This chapter goes through factors that are important with regards to the demand for and supply of prostitution. A particular focus is on the relationship between laws and the quantity of sex bought and sold. The most common way that laws have been used to affect the demand for prostitution is by outright criminalization, which may lead to less prostitution, but may also drive the activity further underground. The effect of criminalizing prostitution on trafficking is ambiguous since criminalization may also lead to a substitution effect towards more trafficked prostitutes. Scarcity of reliable data is one of the main challenges for the study of prostitution.

Keywords

Human Trafficker Shadow Economy Moral Attitude Sexual Trafficking Model Reputation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Øystein Hernæs
    • 1
    • 2
  • Niklas Jakobsson
    • 3
  • Andreas Kotsadam
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsEuropean University InstituteFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Norwegian Social ResearchOsloNorway
  3. 3.Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied SciencesNorwegian Social Research and Karlstad UniversityOsloNorway
  4. 4.Department of EconomicsUniversity of OsloOsloNorway