Plant Peroxisomes: Protein Import, Dynamics, and Metabolite Transport

  • Navneet Kaur
  • Laura Cross
  • Frederica L. Theodoulou
  • Alison Baker
  • Jianping Hu
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Peroxisomes are small organelles that play pivotal roles in a variety of metabolic processes in eukaryotic cells. In plants, peroxisomes are essential for viability and influence growth and development due to their contributions to processes such as fatty acid β–oxidation, the glyoxylate cycle, photorespiration, phytohormone biosynthesis, and others. In this chapter, we discuss several aspects of plant peroxisome biology, giving an overview of peroxisome function before elaborating on the current knowledge of peroxisome biogenesis, division, and protein import and degradation. Since plant peroxisomes co-operate extensively with other organelles, metabolite exchange and transporters that facilitate the exchange are also discussed. We conclude by summarizing future questions that need to be resolved in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of plant peroxisome biology.


Biogenesis Division ER Metabolism Metabolite transport Organelle Peroxisome Protein import 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Navneet Kaur
    • 1
  • Laura Cross
    • 3
    • 4
  • Frederica L. Theodoulou
    • 5
  • Alison Baker
    • 4
  • Jianping Hu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.MSU-DOE Plant Research LaboratoryMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant BiologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biological SciencesUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  4. 4.Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological SciencesUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  5. 5.Biological Chemistry and Crop Protection DepartmentRothamsted ResearchHarpendenUK

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