Sodium Loading in Critical Care
Critically ill patients are at risk of sodium retention. Current practices of patient management lead to high amount of sodium being administered often inadvertently and lead to high daily and cumulative sodium balance. Positive sodium balance may have adverse outcomes in addition to those observed with positive fluid balance as sodium being an extracellular ion leads to expansion of extracellular spaces with concomitant intracellular dehydration.
KeywordsSerum Osmolarity Sodium Balance Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System Positive Fluid Balance Pulmonary Vascular Permeability
List of Abbreviations
Atrial natriuretic peptide
Central venous pressure
Positive end-expiratory pressure
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