Sodium Loading in Critical Care
Critically ill patients are at risk of sodium retention. Current practices of patient management lead to high amount of sodium being administered often inadvertently and lead to high daily and cumulative sodium balance. Positive sodium balance may have adverse outcomes in addition to those observed with positive fluid balance as sodium being an extracellular ion leads to expansion of extracellular spaces with concomitant intracellular dehydration.
KeywordsCatheter Urea Lactate Ethylene Glycol Angiotensin
List of Abbreviations
Atrial natriuretic peptide
Central venous pressure
Positive end-expiratory pressure
- Burridge N. Australian injectable drugs handbook. Collingwood: The Society of Hospital Pharmacists of Australia; 2008.Google Scholar
- Trissel LA. Handbook on injectable drugs. Bethesda: American Society of Health System Pharmacists; 2001.Google Scholar
- Trissel LA. Handbook on injectable drugs. Bethesda: American Society of Health System Parhmacists; 2011.Google Scholar
- Kim JY, Choi SH, Yoon YH, et al. Effects of hypertonic saline on macrophage migration inhibitory factor in traumatic conditions. Exp Theror Med. 2013;5:362–6.Google Scholar
- Abotts. Nutritional information: nepro. Nephro with carb steady – therapeutic nutrition for people on dialysis [Online]; 2011. http://nepro.com. Accessed Oct 2012.
- Nutricia. Product information. Nutricia advanced medical nutrition. [Online]; 2011. http://uk.nutricia.com. Accessed Oct 2012.
- Nutrient reference values for Australia and New Zealand including recommended dietary intakes. 2013. http://www.nrv.gov.au/resources/_files/n35-sodium.pdf. Accessed Oct 2013.
- UBM Medica Australia. eMIMS [Software]. St. Leonard: UBM Medica Australia Pty Ltd.; 2010. Accessed Oct 2012.Google Scholar