Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello

Neuro Law and Economics

  • Emanuele Lo Gerfo
  • Ferruccio PonzanoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_637


Neuro law and economics is a very young discipline that aims to study law and economics phenomena towards the help of neuroscientific techniques. These studies are the result of bringing together two different approaches that start from different disciplines in order to analyze, in particular, some aspects of the punishment. These two approaches are behavioral and experimental economics and the analyses deriving from the so-called neuro-law. These two disciplines have been developed independently in the last decades and only in the last years they are jointly used to implement scientific analyses of punishment.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Berg J, Dickhaut J, McCabe K (1995) Trust, reciprocity and social history. Games Econ Behav 10:122–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blakemore SJ, Robbins TW (2012) Decision-making in the adolescent brain. Nat Neurosci 15(9):1184–1191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bressler SL, Menon V (2010) Large-scale brain networks in cognition: emerging methods and principles. Trends Cogn Sci 14(6):277–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chauhan JSD (2016) Brain fingerprinting. Int Res J Eng Technol 3(07):494–497Google Scholar
  5. Christ SE, Van Essen DC, Watson JM, Brubaker LE, McDermott KB (2009) The contributions of prefrontal cortex and executive control to deception: evidence from activation likelihood estimate meta-analyses. Cereb Cortex 19(7):1557–1566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fehr E, Fischbacher U (2004) Third-party punishment and social norms. Evol Hum Behav 25:63–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fehr E, Gacther S (2000) Cooperation and punishment in public goods experiments. Am Econ Rev 90(4):980–994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fehr E, Gacther S (2002) Altruistic punishment in humans. Nature 415:137–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Güth W, Schmittberger R, Schwarze B (1982) An experimental analysis of ultimatum bargaining. J Econ Behav Organ 3(4):367–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Henrich J, McElreath R, Barr A, Ensminger J, Barrett C, Bolyanatz A, Cardenas JC, Gurven M, Gwako E, Henrich N, Lesorogol C, Marlowe F, Tracer D, Ziker J (2006) Costly punishment across human societies. Science. New Series 312(5781):1767–1770Google Scholar
  11. Krueger F, Hoffman M (2016) The emerging neuroscience of third-party punishment. Trends Neurosci 39(8):499–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Langleben DD, Loughead JW, Bilker WB, Ruparel K, Childress AR, Busch SI, Gur RC (2005) Telling truth from lie in individual subjects with fast event-related fMRI. Hum Brain Mapp 26(4):262–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. MacArthur Foundation research network on Law and Neuroscience (2016) www.lawneuro.org/LieDetect.pdf
  14. Marlowe FW, Berbesque JC (2007) More ‘altruistic’ punishment in larger societies. Proc R Soc B Biol Sci 275(1634):587–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Meijer EH, Verschuere B, Gamer M, Merckelbach H, Ben-Shakhar G (2016) Deception detection with behavioral, autonomic, and neural measures: conceptual and methodological considerations that warrant modesty. Psychophysiology 53:593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mulder LB (2016) When sanction convey moral norms. Eur J Law Econ.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10657-016-9532-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ottone S, Ponzano F, Zarri L (2015) Power to the people? An experimental analysis of bottom-up accountability of third-party institutions. J Law Econ Org 31(2):347–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Petoft A (2015) Neurolaw: a brief introduction. Iran J Neurol 14(1):53Google Scholar
  19. Pisoni A, Lo Gerfo E, Ottone S, Ponzano F, Zarri L, Vergallito A, Lauro LJR (2014) Fair play doesn’t matter: MEP modulation as a neurophysiological signature of status quo bias in economic interactions. Neuroimage 101:150–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Puranik DA, Jospeh SK, Daundkar BB, Garad MV (2009, November) Brain signature profiling in India: it’s status as an aid in investigation and as corroborative evidence-as seen from judgements. In: Proceedings of XX all India forensic science conference, pp 815–822Google Scholar
  21. Sanfey AG, Rilling JK, Aronson JA, Nystrom LE, Cohen JD (2003) The neural basis of economic decision-making in the ultimatum game. Science 300(5626):1755–1758CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economics, Management and Statistics DepartmentUniversity of Milano BicoccaMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of Law and Political, Economic and Social SciencesUniversity of Piemonte OrientaleAlessandriaItaly