Encyclopedia of Law and Economics

2019 Edition
| Editors: Alain Marciano, Giovanni Battista Ramello


  • Ulrich BlumEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7753-2_185


This entry begins by setting games within the general framework to demonstrate their conceptual importance for describing this activity of humankind. Then the concept of merging economics and mathematics into what is called game theory is developed. Descriptions of important properties, definitions, and typical examples of games are provided.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Blum U, Dudley L, Leibbrand F, Weiske A (2005) Angewandte Institutionenökonomik: Theorien, Modelle, Evidenz. Gabler, WiesbadenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Binmore, K., 1992, Fun and Games, D.C. Health Company, Lexington (MA)Google Scholar
  3. von Clausewitz C (1832) Vom Kriege. Dümmlers Verlag, Berlin; (2008) On war. Oxford World’s Classics, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Dixit AI, Nalebuff BJ (2010) The art of strategy, a game theorists guide to success in business and life. Borton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Erhard L (1957) Wohlstand für Alle. Econ, Düsseldorf; (1958) Prosperity through competition. Frederick A. Praeger, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Eucken W (1952/1962) Grundsätze der Wirtschaftspolitik. J.C.B. Mohr, Tübingen/ZürichGoogle Scholar
  7. Hardin G (1968) The tragedy of the commons. Science 162:1243–1248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huizinga J (1933) Over de grenzen van spel en ernst in de kultur. Rector’s speech, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  9. Kant I (1787) Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Königsberg; (2015) Critique of practical reason, Cambridge texts in the history of philosophy. CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  10. Nash G (1950) Non-cooperative games, PhD thesis, Mimeo, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  11. Neumann J (1928) Zur Theorie der Gesellschaftsspiele. Math Ann 100:295–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Neumann JV, Morgenstern O (1944) Theory of games and economic behavior. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  13. Osborne M, Rubinstein A (1994) A course in game theory. The MIT-Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  14. Rasmusen E (2006) Games and information: an introduction to game theory. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. Sun Zi (2003) commented by CAO Cao et al. (【春秋】孙武 撰,【三国】曹操 等注,宋本十一家注孙子,上海:上海古籍出版社). Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House, ShanghaiGoogle Scholar
  16. Sun Zi (~500 BC, 2007) The art of war. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Schelling, Th., 1960 (1981), The Strategy of Conflict, Harvard University Press, Boston (Mass).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Law and EconomicsMartin-Luther-University of Halle WittenbergHalleGermany
  2. 2.University of International Business and EconomicsBeijingChina