Biofuel Development from Cellulosic Sources
Renewable energy sources such as solar power, wind power, geothermal power, and bioenergy will improve energy sustainability and reduce environmental impacts associated with human energy use.
Two types of bioenergy feedstocks exist: first-generation feedstocks that are derived from food crops and advanced feedstocks that are derived from nonfood plants. Advanced feedstocks include cellulosic bioenergy crops such as herbaceous perennial grasses, short-rotation woody crops, and annual crop residues.
Due to the complex structure of lignocellulosic plant material, cellulosic bioenergy feedstocks are generally more difficult to process into liquid fuels than food crops. However, a variety of both thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies exist or are being developed to improve the transformation of cellulosic biomass into alternative energy sources.
Although cellulosic bioenergy crops are thought to have fewer adverse effects on natural ecosystems than...
KeywordsSoil Organic Carbon Corn Stover Biomass Feedstock Bioenergy Crop Cellulosic Biomass
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