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Biofuel Development from Cellulosic Sources

  • Kimberly O’Keefe
  • Clint J. Springer
  • Jonathan Grennell
  • Sarah C. Davis
Living reference work entry

Key Concepts

  • Renewable energy sources such as solar power, wind power, geothermal power, and bioenergy will improve energy sustainability and reduce environmental impacts associated with human energy use.

  • Two types of bioenergy feedstocks exist: first-generation feedstocks that are derived from food crops and advanced feedstocks that are derived from nonfood plants. Advanced feedstocks include cellulosic bioenergy crops such as herbaceous perennial grasses, short-rotation woody crops, and annual crop residues.

  • Due to the complex structure of lignocellulosic plant material, cellulosic bioenergy feedstocks are generally more difficult to process into liquid fuels than food crops. However, a variety of both thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies exist or are being developed to improve the transformation of cellulosic biomass into alternative energy sources.

  • Although cellulosic bioenergy crops are thought to have fewer adverse effects on natural ecosystems than...

Keywords

Soil Organic Carbon Corn Stover Biomass Feedstock Bioenergy Crop Cellulosic Biomass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kimberly O’Keefe
    • 1
  • Clint J. Springer
    • 2
  • Jonathan Grennell
    • 3
  • Sarah C. Davis
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of BiologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologySaint Joseph’s UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Voinovich School of Leadership and Public AffairsOhio UniversityAthensUSA

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