Globally, the majority of nitrogen and phosphorus uptake by plants is mediated by mutualistic root microbes, which form intricate and complex biochemical and genetic interactions with plants.
Plant leaves host a variety of beneficial bacteria and fungi that contribute to plant nutrition and/or defense against pathogens.
In addition to mutualistic bacteria intimately associated with roots, there exist plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria more loosely associated with roots that contribute to plant nutrition, protection from pathogens, and environmental stress reduction.
The region surrounding roots, the rhizosphere, is a dynamic environment, rich in chemical communication among plants and microbes, where nutrient cycling is altered by root exudation and heightened microbial activity.
Plants profoundly impact the biogeochemical cycling activities of soil microbes through their effects on microclimate and soil chemistry.
Plants and microbes collaborate to produce soil organic...
KeywordsRoot Hair Extracellular Polymeric Substance Microbial Diversity Endophytic Fungus Soil Microbe
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