Advertisement

Plant-Microbe Interactions

  • David A. Lipson
  • Scott T. Kelley
Living reference work entry

Key Concepts

  • Globally, the majority of nitrogen and phosphorus uptake by plants is mediated by mutualistic root microbes, which form intricate and complex biochemical and genetic interactions with plants.

  • Plant leaves host a variety of beneficial bacteria and fungi that contribute to plant nutrition and/or defense against pathogens.

  • In addition to mutualistic bacteria intimately associated with roots, there exist plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria more loosely associated with roots that contribute to plant nutrition, protection from pathogens, and environmental stress reduction.

  • The region surrounding roots, the rhizosphere, is a dynamic environment, rich in chemical communication among plants and microbes, where nutrient cycling is altered by root exudation and heightened microbial activity.

  • Plants profoundly impact the biogeochemical cycling activities of soil microbes through their effects on microclimate and soil chemistry.

  • Plants and microbes collaborate to produce soil organic...

Keywords

Root Hair Extracellular Polymeric Substance Microbial Diversity Endophytic Fungus Soil Microbe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Badri DV, Weir TL, Dvd L, Vivanco JM. Rhizosphere chemical dialogues: plant–microbe interactions. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2009;20:642–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baumgartner K, Coetzee MPA, Hoffmeister D. Secrets of the subterranean pathosystem of Armillaria. Mol Plant Pathol. 2011;12:515–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berendsen RL, Pieterse CM, Bakker PA. The rhizosphere microbiome and plant health. Trends Plant Sci. 2012;17:478–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berry AM, Mendoza-Herrera A, Guo Y-Y, Hayashi J, Persson T, Barabote R, et al. New perspectives on nodule nitrogen assimilation in actinorhizal symbioses. Funct Plant Biol. 2011;38:645–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bever JD, Platt TG, Morton ER. Microbial population and community dynamics on plant roots and their feedbacks on plant communities. Annu Rev Microbiol. 2012;66:265–83.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonfante P, Genre A. Mechanisms underlying beneficial plant – fungus interactions in mycorrhizal symbiosis. Nat Commun. 2010;1:48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cesco S, Mimmo T, Tonon G, Tomasi N, Pinton R, Terzano R, et al. Plant-borne flavonoids released into the rhizosphere: impact on soil bio-activities related to plant nutrition. A review. Biol Fertil Soils. 2012;48:123–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cipollini D, Rigsby CM, Barto EK. Microbes as targets and mediators of allelopathy in plants. J Chem Ecol. 2012;38:714–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dearnaley JDW, Martos F, Selosse M-A. Orchid mycorrhizas: molecular ecology, physiology, evolution and conservation aspects. In: Hock B, editor. Fungal associations. 2nd ed. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 207–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dieleman WIJ, Vicca S, Dijkstra FA, Hagedorn F, Hovenden MJ, Larsen KS, et al. Simple additive effects are rare: a quantitative review of plant biomass and soil process responses to combined manipulations of CO2 and temperature. Glob Chang Biol. 2012;18:2681–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ehrenfeld JG. Effects of exotic plant invasions on soil nutrient cycling processes. Ecosystems. 2003;6:503–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Eviner VT, Chapin FS. Functional matrix: a conceptual framework for predicting multiple plant effects on ecosystem processes. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst. 2003;34:455–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hajek T, Ballance S, Limpens J, Zijlstra M, Verhoeven JTA. Cell-wall polysaccharides play an important role in decay resistance of sphagnum and actively depressed decomposition in vitro. Biogeochemistry. 2011;103:45–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Javot H, Penmetsa RV, Breuillin F, Bhattarai KK, Noar RD, Gomez SK, et al. Medicago truncatula mtpt4 mutants reveal a role for nitrogen in the regulation of arbuscule degeneration in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Plant J. 2011;68:954–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kuzyakov Y, Xu X. Competition between roots and microorganisms for nitrogen: mechanisms and ecological relevance. New Phytologist. 2013;198:656–69.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lipson DA, Raab TK, Schmidt SK, Monson RK. Variation in competitive abilities of plants and microbes for specific amino acids. Biol Fertil Soils. 1999;29:257–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Masson-Boivin C, Giraud E, Perret X, Batut J. Establishing nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with legumes: how many rhizobium recipes? Trends Microbiol. 2009;17:458–66.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mayerhofer MS, Kernaghan G, Harper KA. The effects of fungal root endophytes on plant growth: a meta-analysis. Mycorrhiza. 2013;23:119–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Newsham KK. A meta-analysis of plant responses to dark septate root endophytes. New Phytol. 2011;190:783–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Oldroyd GED, Murray JD, Poole PS, Downie JA. The rules of engagement in the legume-rhizobial symbiosis. Annu Rev Genet. 2011;45:119–44.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pawlowski K, Newton WE, editors. Nitrogen-fixing actinorhizal symbioses. Dordrecht: Springer; 2008.Google Scholar
  22. Ponge J-F. Plant-soil feedbacks mediated by humus forms: a review. Soil Biol Biochem. 2013;57:1048–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Raab TK, Lipson DA. The rhizosphere: a synchrotron-based view of nutrient flow in the root zone. In: Grafe M, Singh B, editors. Advances in understanding soil environments by application of synchrotron-based techniques. 1st ed. The Netherlands: Elsevier; 2010.Google Scholar
  24. Raghoebarsing AA, Smolders AJP, Schmid MC, Rijpstra WIC, Wolters-Arts M, Derksen J, et al. Methanotrophic symbionts provide carbon for photosynthesis in peat bogs. Nature. 2005;436:1153–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Saikkonen K, Gundel PE, Helander M. Chemical ecology mediated by fungal endophytes in grasses. J Chem Ecol. 2013;39:962–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Santi C, Bogusz D, Franche C. Biological nitrogen fixation in non-legume plants. Ann Bot. 2013;111:743–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shiraishi A, Matsushita N, Hougetsu T. Nodulation in black locust by the Gammaproteobacteria Pseudomonas sp. and the Betaproteobacteria Burkholderia sp. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2010;33:269–74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Smith SE, Read DJ. Mycorrhizal symbiosis. 3rd ed. New York: Academic; 2008.Google Scholar
  29. van der Putten WH, Klironomos JN, Wardle DA. Microbial ecology of biological invasions. ISME J. 2007;1:28–37.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vorholt JA. Microbial life in the phyllosphere. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2012;10:828–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Crespi M, editor. Root genomics and soil interactions. Ames: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.Google Scholar
  2. Maheshwari DK, editor. Bacteria in agrobiology: stress management. Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.Google Scholar
  3. Pinton R, Varanini Z, Nannipieri P, editors. The rhizosphere: biochemistry and organic substances at the soil-plant interface. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2007.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologySan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations