Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Network Theory in Neuroscience

  • David Papo
  • Javier M. Buldú
  • Stefano Boccaletti
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_713-1

Synonyms

Definition

Network theory is a branch of mathematics concerned with the analysis of the structure of graphs, the mathematical abstraction of networks. Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, it has become an applied discipline due to the availability of large datasets for social, technological, and biological systems. Although network theory was initially restricted to topological analysis, it has soon become a tool for understanding the emergence, functioning, and evolution of networks and the dynamical processes occurring on them. The application of network theory to neuroscience and, more specifically, to the analysis of brain structure and function represents a qualitatively different view of brain activity and brain-behavior mapping, shifting from a computerlike to a complex system vision of the brain, where networks are endowed with properties which stem in a nontrivial way from those of their...

Keywords

Functional Connectivity Degree Distribution Network Theory Fractal Network Brain Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Further Reading

  1. Barabási AL, Albert R (1999) Emergence of scaling in random networks. Science 286:509–512PubMedGoogle Scholar
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  6. Sporns O, Zwi JD (2004) The small world of the cerebral cortex. Neuroinformatics 2:145–162PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Papo
    • 1
  • Javier M. Buldú
    • 2
  • Stefano Boccaletti
    • 3
  1. 1.Center of Biomedical TechnologyMadridSpain
  2. 2.Universidad Rey Juan CarlosMóstolesSpain
  3. 3.CNR-Institute of Complex SystemsSesto Fiorentino, FlorenceItaly