Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Neuromuscular Control Systems, Models of

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_711-1

Synonyms

Definition

The neuromuscular control system is the network of neurons and muscles involved in the control of movement and posture. In many instances, the definition of the system also includes the sensors, sensory processing circuitry, and/or the passive mechanical structures that influence movement. Models of neuromuscular control systems, which are mathematical representations of one or more components, are used extensively in scientific investigations of neural control and in engineering development of biomimetic systems.

Detailed Description

An animal’s ability to move is critical for exploration, interaction with the environment, and ultimately, survival. Neuromotor systems have been some of the most studied in neuroscience because movement is a readily observable behavior and the experimental environment can often be altered to manipulate the demands on the motor control system. The experimental paradigms...

Keywords

Torque Schiff 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological and Health Systems EngineeringArizona State UniversityPhoenixUSA