Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Cochlear Inner Hair Cell, Model

Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_427-5



An algorithmic description of how deflections of the stereocilia in an auditory sensory receptor cell, or cochlear inner hair cell, cause fluctuations in the cell’s intracellular voltage or receptor potential.

Detailed Description

Cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs) are auditory sensory receptor cells located in the organ of Corti. They have stereocilia that deflect following mechanical motion of the organ of Corti (Fig. 1). The fluid surrounding the stereocilia bundle, the endolymph, has a positive electrical potential (80–120 mV), while the electrical potential within the IHC is negative at rest (around −60 mV). Stereocilia deflection toward the tallest cilium in the bundle increases the inward flow of positive ions, mostly potassium (K +), and thus increases the cell’s intracellular potential. This mechanism effectively transduces a mechanical signal (stereocilia motion) into an electrical signal (the...


Hair Cell Auditory Nerve Receptor Potential Endocochlear Potential Transducer Current 
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Further Reading

  1. Geisler DC (1996) From sound to synapse: physiology of the mammalian ear. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Neurociencias de Castilla y Leon, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca, Departamento de Cirugía, Facultad de MedicinaUniversity of SalamancaSalamancaSpain