Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

Living Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Peripheral Nerve Interface, Epineural Electrode

  • Lee E. Fisher
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7320-6_210-1

Synonyms

Definition

Epineural electrodes are neural interface devices that are placed on or around peripheral nerves. They include one or more electrical contacts that can be used to stimulate or record action potentials from those nerves. These devices are not designed to penetrate through the perineurium and therefore tend to provide macroscale, rather than microscale, interfaces with the nerve. Because the perineurium remains intact and the electrode contacts are relatively large, the interface tends to be stable over time and less sensitive to micromotion and encapsulation than a microelectrode interface. The size and epineural nature of these electrodes often result in a lower degree of selectivity, both for stimulation and recording, than can be achieved via a penetrating microelectrode interface.

Detailed Description

Epineural electrodes are devices designed to be placed on or wrapped around peripheral nerves to provide an interface for electrical...

Keywords

Spinal Cord Injury Sciatic Nerve Spinal Root Record Action Potential Knee Extension Moment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine & RehabilitationUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA