Skip to main content

Intraorganizational Networks

  • 157 Accesses

Synonyms

Company chart; Informal network; Informal organization; Interpersonal networks; Organizational blueprint; Organizational grapevine; Organizational social capital; Prescribed versus emergent organizational structure

Glossary

Embedded relation:

Organizational members connected through both a formal and an informal relation

Formal relation:

Organizational members connected only through authority or workflow interdependence

Informal relation:

Organizational members connected only through a personal tie without a formal relation

Membership relation:

Organizational members who are part of the same unit but not connected through a formal or an informal relation

Definition

Intraorganizational networks are the aggregate of the formal and informal relationships between the members of an organization. Depending on the presence or absence of formal and informal elements in the tie between two members of the organization, four elementary types of intraorganizational relationships can be...

Keywords

  • Social Capital
  • Informal Network
  • Structural Hole
  • Social Exchange Theory
  • Network Position

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Agneessens F, Wittek R (2008) Social capital and employee well-being: disentangling intrapersonal and interpersonal selection and influence mechanisms. Rev Fr Sociol 49(3):613–637

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Agneessens F, Wittek R (2012) Where do intra-organizational advice relations come from? The role of informal status and social capital in social exchange. Soc Netw 34:333–345

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Balkundi P, Harrison D (2006) Ties, leaders, and time in teams: strong inference about network structure’s effects on team viability and performance. Acad Manag J 49(1):49–68

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Blau PM (1955) The dynamics of bureaucracy: a study of interpersonal relations in two government agencies. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago

    Google Scholar 

  • Burt R (1992) Structural holes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Buskens V, van de Rijt A (2008) Dynamics of networks if everyone strives for structural holes. Am J Sociol 114(2):371–407

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ellwardt L, Labianca J, Wittek R (2012) Who are the objects of positive and negative gossip at work? A social network perspective on workplace gossip. Soc Netw 34:193–205

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Flache A, Macy MW (1996) The weakness of strong ties: collective action failure in a highly cohesive group*. J Math Sociol 21(1–2):3–28. MATH

    CrossRef  MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Flap H, Völker B (2012) Social capital. In: Wittek R, Snijders TAB, Nee V (eds) Handbook of rational choice social research. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto

    Google Scholar 

  • French C (1963) Some structural aspects of a retail sales group. Hum Organ XXII:146–151

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gargiulo M (1993) Two step leverage: managing constraint in organizational politics. Adm Sci Q 38(1):1–19. MathSciNet

    MathSciNet  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hansen MT (2002) Knowledge networks: explaining effective knowledge sharing in multiunit companies. Organ Sci 13(3):232–248

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Homans GC (1950) The human group. Harcourt, Brace, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Jansen D (2002) Netzwerkansätze in der Organisationsforschung. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Sonderheft 42:88–118

    Google Scholar 

  • Kapferer B (1969) Norms and the manipulation of relationships in a work context. In: Mitchell J (ed) Social networks in urban situations. Manchester University Press, Manchester

    Google Scholar 

  • Krackhardt D, Kilduff M (2002) Structure, culture and Simmelian ties in entrepreneurial firms. Soc Netw 24(3):279–290

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Krackhardt D, Porter L (1985) When friends leave: a structural analysis of the relationship between turnover and stayers’ attitudes. Adm Sci Q 30:242–261

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Labun A (2012) Social networks and informal power in organizations. ICS Dissertation series 194, Groningen

    Google Scholar 

  • Lazega E, Jourda M, Mounier L, Stofer R (2008) Catching up with big fish in the big pond? Multi-level network analysis through linked design. Soc Netw 30(2):159–176

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lindenberg S (2000) It takes both trust and lack of mistrust: the workings of cooperation and relational signaling in contractual relationships. J Manag Gov 4:11–33

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ma R, Huang YC, Shenkar O (2011) Social networks and opportunity recognition: a cultural comparison between Taiwan and the United States. Strateg Manage J 32(11):1183–1205

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pauksztat B, Steglich C, Wittek R (2011) Who speaks up to whom? A relational approach to employee voice. Soc Netw 33(4):303–316

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pentland AS (2008) Honest signals. MIT, Boston

    Google Scholar 

  • Podolny J (2001) Networks as pipes and prisms of the market. Am J Sociol 107(1):33–60

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Sampson SF (1969) Crisis in a cloister. PhD dissertation, Cornell University. University Microfilms 69–5775. Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Ann Arbor

    Google Scholar 

  • Smith EB, Menon T, Thompson L (2012) Status differences in the cognitive activation of social networks. Organ Sci 23(1):67–82

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Snijders TA (2001) The statistical evaluation of social network dynamics. Sociol Methodol 31(1):361–395

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Soda G, Zaheer A (2012) A network perspective on organizational architecture: performance effects of the interplay of formal and informal organization. Strateg Manag J 33(6):751–771

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Thurman B (1979) In the office: networks and coalitions. Soc Netw 2:47–63

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Valente TW (2012) Network interventions. Science 337(6090):49–53

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Waber BN, Olguin Olguin D, Kim T, Pentland A (2010) Productivity through coffee breaks: changing social networks by changing break structure. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1586375 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1586375

  • Walker G (1985) Network position and cognition in a computer software firm. Adm Sci Q 30(1):103–130

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wittek R (2001) Mimetic trust and intra-organizational network dynamics. J Math Sociol 25(1):109–138. MATH

    CrossRef  MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Wittek R, van Duijn M, Snijders TAB (2003) Frame decay, informal power and the escalation of social control in a management team: a relational signaling perspective. Res Sociol Organ 20:355–380

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Zaheer A, Soda G (2009) Network evolution: the origins of structural holes. Adm Sci Quart 54(1):1–31

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Rafael Wittek .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Section Editor information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2017 Springer Science+Business Media LLC

About this entry

Cite this entry

Wittek, R. (2017). Intraorganizational Networks. In: Alhajj, R., Rokne, J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7163-9_370-1

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7163-9_370-1

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4614-7163-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4614-7163-9

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Computer SciencesReference Module Computer Science and Engineering