Retinal/Visual Interfaces (Models, Theory, Techniques): Overview
Retinal and visual interfaces encompass a range of approaches and technologies with the most common being that of a visual prosthesis, which is a subclass of sensory neuroprostheses. Such technologies can be used as a device therapeutic to restore some form of patterned vision to those suffering from profound vision impairment. Other approaches to vision restoration can also be included under the broad umbrella of a retinal/visual interface. These include optogenetic methods that use tissue engineering techniques to transfect remaining pathways in the visual system with photosensitive properties. Simulated prosthetic vision, methods to assess prosthetic vision, and computation models of the neural retina play important roles in increasing our understanding of how such approaches function and can best be optimized.
Vision is arguably the most feature rich and complex of the senses,...
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