Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

2015 Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Spike Train Analysis: Overview

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6675-8_776

Detailed Description

The brain is composed of billions of neurons, the elementary units of neuronal information processing. The neocortex, which is critical to most higher brain functions, is a highly complex network of neurons each of which receives signals from thousands of other neurons and projects its own output via sequences of spikes (“ Spike Train”) to thousands of other neurons (Braitenberg and Schüz 2009). In order to observe neuronal activity in the active brain, a large variety of recording techniques are being employed, ranging from recordings of individual neurons (intra- or extracellularly), to recordings of neuronal populations on mesoscopic or macroscopic scales. Any particular choice of the recording technique reflects the hypothesis the researcher has in mind about the mechanisms of neuronal processing. The focus on spike recordings from individual neurons implies that one strives to understand the elementary units of neuronal processing. However, approaching the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lab for Statistical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM–6) and Institute for Advanced Simulation (IAS–6)Jülich Research Centre and JARAJülichGermany
  2. 2.Theoretical Systems NeurobiologyRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany