Brainstem Processing: Overview
The brainstem has received considerably less attention by computational neuroscientists than other regions of the mammalian brain. This section highlights key areas that have received attention: neural circuitry underlying the generation and control of the respiratory rhythm, the baroreflex underlying the regulation of blood pressure, and pathways for pain processing. Entries in this section cover all three of these areas.
The article titled “ Baroreflex Models” reviews over two decades years of computational models focused on neural pathways where blood flows in response to pressure changes in the circulatory system mediated by the baroreflex pathway.
Much attention has been given to the modeling of respiratory rhythm generation. The generation and control of breathing is covered by two entries in this section. The entry titled “ Pre-Botzinger Complex Rhythm Generation” surveys computational models of rhythmic activity in the pre-Bötzinger complex, which...