Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

2015 Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Brainstem Processing: Overview

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6675-8_773

Detailed Description

The brainstem has received considerably less attention by computational neuroscientists than other regions of the mammalian brain. This section highlights key areas that have received attention: neural circuitry underlying the generation and control of the respiratory rhythm, the baroreflex underlying the regulation of blood pressure, and pathways for pain processing. Entries in this section cover all three of these areas.

The article titled “ Baroreflex Models” reviews over two decades years of computational models focused on neural pathways where blood flows in response to pressure changes in the circulatory system mediated by the baroreflex pathway.

Much attention has been given to the modeling of respiratory rhythm generation. The generation and control of breathing is covered by two entries in this section. The entry titled “ Pre-Botzinger Complex Rhythm Generation” surveys computational models of rhythmic activity in the pre-Bötzinger complex, which...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Laboratory for NeuroengineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.College of Medicine, Molecular Pharmacology & PhysiologyUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA