Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

2015 Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Vertebrate Pattern Generation: Overview

  • Ilya Rybak
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6675-8_758

Synonyms

Definition

Central pattern generator (CPG) is a limited neural network that can produce an organized rhythmic motor output in the absence of sensory and descending inputs from other parts of the nervous system (Marder and Calabrese 1996).

Detailed Description

Vertebrate Central Pattern Generators

The central and peripheral nervous systems in vertebrates contain many types of central pattern generators (CPGs) that generate and control various rhythmic movements. These CPGs control many important functions, including different forms of locomotion, such as swimming, walking, running, and flying, and non-locomotor processes and behaviors, such as breathing, swallowing, chewing, mastication, scratching, whisking (in rodents), and singing (in birds). This review focuses on computational models of locomotion and breathing in mammals, which are briefly observed below. Other known models of vertebrate CPGs include...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurobiology and AnatomyDrexel University College of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA