Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience

2015 Edition
| Editors: Dieter Jaeger, Ranu Jung

Neuromorphic Sensors, Vision

  • Bernabe Linares-Barranco
  • Teresa Serrano-Gotarredona
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6675-8_120

Definition

Neuromorphic sensors are artificial man-made sensors that try to imitate some of the working principles or structures of their biological counterparts. A neuromorphic vision sensor is, therefore, an artificial man-made vision sensor that mimics some of the working principles or structures found in living animals’ visual systems.

Detailed Description

Conventional video cameras are based capturing a sequence of still frames. Improving a camera means normally to increase the total number of pixels (resolution) and/or to increase the number of frames per second that can be captured, while reducing sensor area, power consumption, and possibly fabrication cost. These cameras just capture the light intensities of visual reality. If they are to be used in an artificial vision system (e.g., for robotics), then subsequent computing resources need to be allocated to analyze the sequence of captured frames and extract relevant information for decision making. The more resolution or the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernabe Linares-Barranco
    • 1
  • Teresa Serrano-Gotarredona
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Microelectrónica de Sevilla (IMSE-CNM), CSIC and University of SevillaSevillaSpain