Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Arteries

  • Linda C. Baumann
  • Alyssa Ylinen
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_82-2

Synonyms

Description

An elastic blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood

Definition

Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. In most cases, arteries carry oxygenated blood. The exception is pulmonary arteries which carry deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs to become oxygenated. Because the arterial system is a high-pressure system due to the pressure created by ventricular contraction, arterial walls are generally thick in structure. The two main arteries branching from the heart are the pulmonary artery, which carries blood to the pulmonary circulation, and the aorta, which carries blood into systemic circulation.

Arteries contain smooth muscle and elastic fibers to allow arterial walls to stretch with ventricular contraction and then recoil pushing blood forward. Large arteries such as the aorta and pulmonary artery are composed mainly of elastic tissue and a smaller proportion of smooth muscle, while smaller arteries or arterioles are...

Keywords

Smooth Muscle Pulmonary Artery Arterial Wall Peripheral Arterial Disease Ventricular Contraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References and Further Readings

  1. Atherosclerosis. (2010a). American Heart Association. Retrieved 13 Aug, from http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4440
  2. Atherosclerosis. (2010b). Medline Plus. Retrieved 20 Mar, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000171.htm
  3. Jarvis, C. (2008). Physical examination and health assessment (5th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.Google Scholar
  4. Lewis, S. L., Heitkemper, M. M., Dirksen, S. R., O’Brien, P. G., & Bucher, L. (2007). Medical surgical nursing: Assessment and management of clinical problems (7th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.Google Scholar
  5. Thibodeau, G. A., & Patton, K. T. (2007). Anatomy and physiology (6th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Allina Health SystemSt. PaulUSA