Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Developmental Disabilities

  • Monica DowlingEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_738-2



Developmental disabilities (DD) is an umbrella term for a group of interrelated, chronic, neurological, or brain-based disorders which are defined as severe, chronic disabilities “attributable to mental and/or physical impairments, manifested before age 22, that result in substantial limitations in three or more areas of major life activities: capacity for independent living, economic self-sufficiency, learning, mobility, receptive and expressive language, self-care, self-direction” (Developmental Disabilities Assistance & Bill of Rights Act of 2000). Low IQ scores are typically associated with DD, but other conditions may impose functional limitations on individuals whose intelligence is at or above average. Sensory impairments are included only as occurring in combination with impairment in intellectual and adaptive functioning. The current conceptualization includes diagnostic classifications of intellectual...

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References and Further Reading

  1. American Academy of Pediatrics, Council on Children with Disabilities. (2006). Identifying infants and young children with developmental disorders in the medical home: An algorithm for developmental surveillance and screening. Pediatrics, 118(1), 405–420. PMID:16818591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. Buescher, A., Cidav, Z., Knapp, M., & Mandell, D. (2014). Costs of autism spectrum disorders in the United Kingdom and the United States. JAMA Pediatrics, 168, 721–728.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.210.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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  14. US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. (2013). Tips for early care and education providers. Simple concepts to embed in everyday routines. www.acf.hhs.gov/sits/default/files/ecd/508_tips_for_early_care_and_education_providers_april_2013.pdf
  15. United States 106th Congress. Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000. Public Law 1-6-402. Downloaded from www.aucd.org/docs/urc/dd_act_011907.pdf
  16. Vallianatos, C. N., & Iwase, S. (2015). Disrupted intricacy of histone H3K4 methylation in neurodevelopmental disorders. Epigenomics, 7, 501–517.  https://doi.org/10.2217/epi.15.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  18. Zablotsky, B., Black, L. I., & Blumberg, S. J. (2017). Estimated prevalence of children with diagnosed developmental disabilities following questionnaire changes in the United States, 2014–2016. NCHS Data brief, no 291. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Downloaded from www.cdc.gov/nchs/producats/databriefs.htm

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Alan M. Delamater
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA