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Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods

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Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine




How does our mental and emotional life tie in with the workings of the body? Psychophysiology is the branch of psychology that studies the behavior of the individual in a biological context. It is an attempt to chart the mutual interactions between psychological processes and the workings of the body, giving equal emphasis to both.


A fundamental principle of psychophysiology is that thoughts and feelings cannot exist apart from the body – here we include the brain as part of the body. It follows that a full understanding of psychological processes depends on understanding the biological context from which they proceed. Due to its emphasis on integrating our understanding of mental and physiological processes, psychophysiology has contributed to research methods and theory building in behavioral medicine and also to the neurosciences of cognition and emotion. Psychophysiology finds its place in behavioral medicine by providing a...

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References and Further Readings

  • Buchanan, T., & Lovallo, W. R. (2019). The role of genetics in stress effects on health and addiction. Current Opinion in Psychology, 27, 72–76.

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Correspondence to William R. Lovallo .

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Lovallo, W.R., Buchanan, T.W. (2020). Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods. In: Gellman, M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. Springer, New York, NY.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4614-6439-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4614-6439-6

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Chapter history

  1. Latest

    Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods
    31 December 2019


  2. Original

    Psychophysiology: Theory and Methods
    23 September 2016