Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Occupational Health

  • Johannes Siegrist
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_40-2



“Occupational health” is defined as the field of research and intervention that deals with work- and employment-related influences on people’s health and health-related behaviors and their modification. The field of occupational health is broader than the academic discipline of occupational medicine as it includes organizational, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects in addition to the more traditional physical and chemical hazards, thus incorporating research and expertise from social and behavioral sciences.


Generally, behavioral medicine is interested in two approaches toward occupational health. The first approach considers the organizations, companies, and businesses where large population groups can be met recurrently and simultaneously as an ideal setting of implementing programs of behavioral modification. In these programs, health-adverse behaviors such as smoking, unhealthy diet, or lack of physical...


Occupational Health Sickness Absence Behavioral Medicine Psychosocial Work Environment Worksite Health Promotion 
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References and Further Reading

  1. Black, C. (2008). Working for a healthier tomorrow. London: TSO.Google Scholar
  2. Eurofound. (2015). Convergence and divergence of job quality in Europe 1995–2010. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.Google Scholar
  3. Greenberg, J. (2010). Organizational injustice as an occupational health risk. The Academy of Management Annuals, 4, 205–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Karasek, R. A., & Theorell, T. (1990). Healthy work stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  5. McEwen, B. M. (2007). Physiology and neurobiology of stress and adaptation: Central role of the brain. Physiological Reviews, 87, 873–904.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Schnall, P. L., Dobson, M., & Rosskam, E. (Eds.). (2009). Unhealthy work: Causes, consequences cures. Amityville: Baywood Press.Google Scholar
  7. Semmer, N. (2008). Stress management and well-being interventions in the workplace. State of science review: SR-C6, Report by the Foresight Project. London: Government Office for Science.Google Scholar
  8. Siegrist, J. (1996). Adverse health effects of high effort-low reward conditions at work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1, 27–41.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Siegrist, J., & Wahrendorf, M. (Eds.). (2016). Work stress and health in a globalized economy: The model of effort-reward imbalance. Dordrecht: Springer. (in press).Google Scholar
  10. Steptoe, A., & Kivimaki, M. (2012). Stress and cardiovascular disease. Nature Reviews in Cardiology, 9(6), 360–370.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Senior Professor of Workstress ResearchUniversity of Düsseldorf, Life Science CenterDüsseldorfGermany