Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Hostility, Psychophysiological Responses

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_257-2

Synonyms

Definition

Hostility has distinct cognitive components, affective or emotional components, and behavioral features. This multidimensional construct most commonly is defined by a mistrustful and suspicious attitude, cynical perceptions of others and their motives, and a negative interactional style characterized by anger, resentment, contempt, antagonism, and suspiciousness. Behavioral expressions of hostility typically include verbally and/or physically aggressive actions. The physiological consequences of hostility and its components contribute to over-activation of neurochemical and biological pathways, consistent with the stress response system, which may contribute to atherogenesis and alterations in glucose metabolism and other bodily systems and which are harmful to cardiovascular health.

Description

A wealth of research has investigated physiologic responses related to hostility (Everson-Rose...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References and Further Reading

  1. Boyle, S. H., Georgiades, A., Brummett, B. H., Barefoot, J. C., Siegler, I. C., Matson, W. R., et al. (2015). Associations between central nervous system serotonin, fasting glucose, and hostility in African American females. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49, 49–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brydon, L., Lin, J., Butcher, L., Hamer, M., Erusalimsky, J. D., & Blackburn, E. H. (2012). Hostility and cellular aging in men from the Whitehall II cohort. Biological Psychiatry, 71, 767–773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cervilla, J. A., Molina, E., Rivera, M., Torres-González, F., Bellón, J. A., Moreno, B., et al. (2007). The risk for depression conferred by stressful life events is modified by variation at the serotonin transporter 5HTTLPR genotype: Evidence from the Spanish PREDICT-Gene cohort. Molecular Psychiatry, 12, 748–755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Everson, S. A., McKey, B. S., & Lovallo, W. R. (1995). Effects of trait hostility on cardiovascular response to harasment in young men. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2, 172–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Everson-Rose, S. A., & Lewis, T. T. (2005). Psychosocial factors and cardiovascular diseases. Annual Review of Public Health, 26, 469–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goldbacher, E. M., & Matthews, K. A. (2007). Are psychosocial characteristics related to risk of the metabolic syndrome? A review of the literature. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 34, 240–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jamner, L. D., Shapiro, D., Goldstein, I. B., & Hug, R. (1991). Ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate in paramedics: Effects of cynical hostility and defensiveness. Psychosomatic Medicine, 53, 393–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lesch, K. P., Bengel, D., Heils, A., Sbol, S. Z., Greenberg, B. P., Petri, S., et al. (1996). Association of anxiety-related traits with polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene regulatory region. Science, 274, 1527–1531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Manuck, S. B., Flory, J. D., Ferrel, R. E., Mann, J., & Muldoon, M. F. (2000). A regulatory polymorphism of the monoamine oxidase-A gene may be associated with variability in aggression, impulsivity, and central nervous system serotonergic responsivity. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 95, 9–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Niaura, R., Banks, S. M., Ward, K. D., Stoney, C. M., Spiro, A., Aldwin, C. M., et al. (2000). Hostility and the metabolic syndrome in older males: The Normative Aging Study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62, 7–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pope, M. L., & Smith, T. W. (1991). Cortisol excretion in high and low cynically hostile men. Psychosomatic Medicine, 53, 386–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sloan, R. P., Shapiro, P. A., Bigger, J. T., Bagiella, E., Steinman, R. C., & Gorman, J. M. (1994). Cardiac autonomic control and hostility in healthy subjects. American Journal of Cardiology, 74, 298–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Smith, T. W., & Allred, K. D. (1989). Blood-pressure responses during social interaction in high- and low-cynically hostile males. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12, 135–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Smith, T. W., & Ruiz, J. M. (2002). Psychosocial influences on the development and course of coronary heart disease: Current status and implications for research and practice. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 548–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Suarez, E. C., & Blumenthal, J. A. (1991). Ambulatory blood pressure responses during life in high and low hostile patients with a recent myocardial infarction. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 11, 169–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Suarez, E. C., Kuhn, C. M., Schanberg, S. M., Williams, R. B., & Zimmermann, E. A. (1998). Neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and emotional responses of hostile men: The role of interpersonal challenge. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 78–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Suls, J., & Wan, C. K. (1993). The relationship between trait hostility and cardiovascular reactivity: A quantitative review and analysis. Psychophysiology, 30, 615–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Todaro, J. F., Con, A., Niaura, R., Spiro, A., 3rd, Ward, K. D., & Roytberg, A. (2005). Combined effect of the metabolic syndrome and hostility on the incidence of myocardial infarction (The Normative Aging Study). American Journal of Cardiology, 15, 221–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Treiber, F. A., Kamarck, T., Schneiderman, N., Sheffield, D., Kapuku, G., & Taylor, T. (2003). Cardiovascular reactivity and development of preclinical and clinical disease states. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 46–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Williams, R. B. (1994). Neurobiology, cellular and molecular biology, and psychosomatic medicine. Psychosomatic Medicine, 56, 308–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zhang, J., Niaura, R., Dyer, J. R., Shen, B., Todaro, J. F., McCaffery, J. M., et al. (2006). Hostility and urine norepinephrine interact to predict insulin resistance: The VA Normative Aging Study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68, 718–726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan A. Everson-Rose
    • 1
  • Priya Balaji
    • 1
  • Xiaohui Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine and Program in Health Disparities ResearchUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mustafa al’Absi
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Minnesota Medical SchoolDuluthUSA