Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Hostility, Psychophysiological Responses

  • Susan A. Everson-Rose
  • Priya Balaji
  • Xiaohui Yu
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_257-2



Hostility has distinct cognitive components, affective or emotional components, and behavioral features. This multidimensional construct most commonly is defined by a mistrustful and suspicious attitude, cynical perceptions of others and their motives, and a negative interactional style characterized by anger, resentment, contempt, antagonism, and suspiciousness. Behavioral expressions of hostility typically include verbally and/or physically aggressive actions. The physiological consequences of hostility and its components contribute to over-activation of neurochemical and biological pathways, consistent with the stress response system, which may contribute to atherogenesis and alterations in glucose metabolism and other bodily systems and which are harmful to cardiovascular health.


A wealth of research has investigated physiologic responses related to hostility (Everson-Rose...

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References and Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan A. Everson-Rose
    • 1
  • Priya Balaji
    • 1
  • Xiaohui Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine and Program in Health Disparities ResearchUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mustafa al’Absi
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Minnesota Medical SchoolDuluthUSA