Self-care as described by Orem (1995) is “action of persons who have developed or developing capabilities to use appropriate, reliable and valid measures to regulate their own functioning and development in stable or changing environments” (p. 43). Self-care is both caring “for” oneself and “by” oneself. Self-care promotes well-being and is a perceived condition of personal existence characterized by experiences of contentment, pleasure, and happiness. It is associated with health and with sufficiency of resources. This definition is consistent with Diener’s (2009) concept of subjective well-being as an individual’s global judgment of values and standards that are significant to life satisfaction.
A paradigm that is emerging in health-care delivery for people with chronic conditions is that they are their own principal caregivers; health-care professionals act as consultants and advisors in supporting them in self-care and self-management of their...