Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Clinical Predictors

  • Yori Gidron
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_1368-2

Synonyms

Definition

This term often refers to biomedical factors known to influence or predict health outcomes. These are taken into account in clinical practice, when estimating a patient’s prognosis. Additionally, clinical predictors are considered in clinical research, when trying to test new etiological or prognostic factors, and there is a need to statistically control for known or previously empirically established clinical predictors, which could possibly explain the role of the new tested factor(s). In behavior medicine, this is often the common approach, when testing the effects of a psychosocial factor on health outcomes. Often, it is crucial to statistically control for the effects of known clinical predictors in behavior medicine, as clinical risk factors are either important in predicting prognosis or since they may be associated with and partly explain the prognostic effects of psychosocial factors. For example, in coronary heart disease, clinical risk...

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References and Further Readings

  1. Chida, Y., Hamer, M., Wardle, J., & Steptoe, A. (2008). Do stress-related psychosocial factors contribute to cancer incidence and survival? Nature Clinical Practice Oncology, 5, 466–475.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Denollet, J., Sys, S. U., Stroobant, N., Rombouts, H., Gillebert, T. C., & Brutsaert, D. L. (1996). Personality as independent predictor of long-term mortality in patients with coronary heart disease. Lancet, 347(8999), 417–421.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine and PharmacyFree University of Brussels (VUB)JetteBelgium