Guided imagery involves a practitioner verbally leading an individual through the processes of mentally representing situations in their mind. The representation can occur in one or more senses so that the person (or imaginer) experiences the sights, tastes, sounds, smells, and feelings associated with the situation. Details about people, places, and events can also be included to make the experience as realistic and vivid as possible.
To aid the process of generating the mental “images,” guided imagery is usually performed with closed eyes, in a quiet environment, while the imaginer reclines in a comfortable position. Instructions on how and what to image can be delivered individually or in groups and are imparted either live or as an audio recording. Similar to hypnosis or meditation, guided imagery is often combined with music and relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation, to help clear and focus...
References and Further Reading
- Bonny, H. L. (1980). GIM therapy: Past, present, and future implications (GIM Monograph No. 3). Salina: The Bonny Foundation.Google Scholar
- Malouin, F., Richards, C. L., Jackson, P. L., Lafleur, M. F., Durand, A., & Doyen, J. (2007). The kinesthetic and visual imagery questionnaire (KVIQ) for assessing motor imagery in persons with physical disabilities: A reliability and construct validity study. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 31, 20–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar