Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Handgrip Strength

  • Yori Gidron
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_111-2


This term refers to a common measure used often in rehabilitation medicine to determine the maximum forearm muscular isometric strength. Given that muscle strength has general characteristics, the handgrip strength test may often indicate general muscular strength. The test includes a dynamometer, with a scale in kilogram, where people are asked to perform their maximal press with their hand. Different protocols exist concerning the angle of the arm and hand in relation to the body, the number of pressing trials, and the duration of pressing, normally lasting 3–5 s. This test can be used to indicate various health factors in different populations.

A review of the value of the handgrip strength test in dialysis patients found this test to correlate with general muscle mass, nutritional status (of importance in dialysis), and future complications (Leal et al. 2011). A review of 114 studies in the general population and 71 studies with arthritic patients found a strong...

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References and Further Readings

  1. Aparicio, V. A., Carbonell-Baeza, A., Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Heredia, J. M., & Delgado-Fernández, M. (2010). Handgrip strength in men with fibromyalgia. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, 28, S78–S81.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Arts, M. H., Collard, R. M3,4., Comijs, H. C5., Naudé, P. J6., Risselada, R1., Naarding, P3,7., & Oude Voshaar, R2. (2015). Relationship between physical frailty and low-grade inflammation in late-life depression. Journal of the American Geriatric Society., 63, 1652–1657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beenakker, K. G., Ling, C. H., Meskers, C. G., de Craen, A. J., Stijnen, T., Westendorp, R. G., et al. (2010). Patterns of muscle strength loss with age in the general population and patients with a chronic inflammatory state. Ageing Research Reviews, 9, 431–436.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Izawa, K. P., Watanabe, S., Osada, N., Kasahara, Y., Yokoyama, H., Hiraki, K., et al. (2009). Handgrip strength as a predictor of prognosis in Japanese patients with congestive heart failure. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 16, 21–27.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Leal, V. O., Mafra, D., Fouque, D., & Anjos, L. A. (2011). Use of handgrip strength in the assessment of the muscle function of chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis: A systematic review. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 26(4), 1354– 1360. Epub 2010 Aug 13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Rolland, Y., Lauwers-Cances, V., Cesari, M., Vellas, B., Pahor, M., & Grandjean, H. (2006). Physical performance measures as predictors of mortality in a cohort of community-dwelling older French women. European Journal of Epidemiology, 21, 113–122.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Taekema, D. G., Gussekloo, J., Maier, A. B., Westendorp, R. G., & de Craen, A. J. (2010). Handgrip strength as a predictor of functional, psychological and social health: A prospective population-based study among the oldest old. Age and Ageing, 39, 331–337.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SCALabLille 3 University and Siric OncollileLilleFrance