Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Digital Health Coaching

  • Elizabeth SargentEmail author
  • Kathryn N. Tomasino
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_101960-1



Digital health coaching is an interventional process that uses digital technologies, typically in conjunction with human coaching, to help patients identify and work toward behavior change goals that promote health and help manage and prevent disease.


Digital health coaching grew out of the tradition of health and wellness coaching. Like traditional, face-to-face health coaching, digital health coaching is an interventional process that assists patients in changing health behaviors to achieve better health outcomes. This patient-centered interventional process that uses guided self-discovery to help patients draw from their values to identify health behavior change goals and then drives the change process by assisting patients with learning (e.g., content education; behavior change...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Aagaard, A., & Lindgren, P. (2015). The opportunities and challenges of persuasive technology in creating sustainable innovation and business model innovation. Wireless Personal Communications, 81(4), 1511–1529.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-015-2484-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bucher, A., & O’Day, R. (2014). The triple aim’s missing link: Meaningful engagement for patients with chronic conditions. Managed Care Outlook, 27(15).Google Scholar
  3. Fry, J. P., & Neff, R. A. (2009). Periodic prompts and reminders in health promotion and health behavior interventions: Systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 11(2), e16.  https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.1138.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Hill, B., Richardson, B., & Skouteris, H. (2015). Do we know how to design effective health coaching interventions: A systematic review of the state of the literature. American Journal of Health Promotion, 29(5), e158–e168.  https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.130510-LIT-238.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Klasnja, P., Consolvo, S., & Pratt, W. (2011). How to evaluate technologies for health behavior change in HCI research. Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Association for Computing Machinery: Vancouver, BC, Canada. p. 3063–3072.Google Scholar
  6. Mate, K. S., & Salinas, G. (2014). Flipping primary health care: A personal story. Healthc (Amst), 2(4), 280–283.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hjdsi.2014.10.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mohr, D. C., Cuijpers, P., & Lehman, K. (2011). Supportive accountability: A model for providing human support to enhance adherence to eHealth interventions. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 13(1), e30.  https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.1602.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Mohr, D. C., Burns, M. N., Schueller, S. M., Clarke, G., & Klinkman, M. (2013a). Behavioral intervention technologies: Evidence review and recommendations for future research in mental health. General Hospital Psychiatry, 35(4), 332–338.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2013.03.008.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Mohr, D. C., Duffecy, J., Ho, J., Kwasny, M., Cai, X., Burns, M. N., & Begale, M. (2013b). A randomized controlled trial evaluating a manualized TeleCoaching protocol for improving adherence to a web-based intervention for the treatment of depression. PloS One, 8(8), e70086.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070086.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Olsen, J. M., & Nesbitt, B. J. (2010). Health coaching to improve healthy lifestyle behaviors: An integrative review. American Journal of Health Promotion, 25(1), e1–e12.  https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.090313-LIT-101.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Smith, L. L., Lake, N. H., Simmons, L. A., Perlman, A., Wroth, S., & Wolever, R. Q. (2013). Integrative health coach training: A model for shifting the paradigm toward patient-centricity and meeting new national prevention goals. Global Advances in Health and Medicine, 2(3), 66–74.  https://doi.org/10.7453/gahmj.2013.034.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Wolever, R. Q., Simmons, L. A., Sforzo, G. A., Dill, D., Kaye, M., Bechard, E. M., et al. (2013). A systematic review of the literature on health and wellness coaching: Defining a key behavioral intervention in healthcare. Global Advances in Health and Medicine, 2(4), 38–57.  https://doi.org/10.7453/gahmj.2013.042.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Wolever, R. Q., Jordan, M., Lawson, K., & Moore, M. (2016). Advancing a new evidence-based professional in health care: Job task analysis for health and wellness coaches. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1), 205.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-016-1465-8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northwestern UniversityChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Northwestern UniversityChicagoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Emily Lattie
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Preventive MedicineNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA