Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Smoking Topography

  • Stefanie De JesusEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_101913-1



Smoking topography is a representation of the physical characteristics of smoking behavior, such as puff count, puff volume, average flow, puff duration, and interpuff interval.


An individual’s interaction with a substance (e.g., tobacco, marijuana) or object (e.g., pipe, e-cigarette) used for smoking is highly complex, multifaceted, and distinct. Smoking topography attributes have been found to be a function of sex, personality, stress level, nicotine yield, cigarette type (i.e., menthol versus non-menthol), ethnicity, and body mass index.

An array of subjective and objective methods exist to measure smoking topography, each differing in accuracy, precision, and feasibility. These include observation, self-report, cigarette weighing, expired carbon monoxide breath levels, and biomarkers (e.g., nicotine, cotinine, or thiocyanate). Specialized instruments (e.g., pressure transducers, flowmeters, and puff...


Smoking Cessation Smoking Behavior Harm Reduction Addictive Substance Topography Attribute 
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References and Further Readings

  1. Benowitz, N. L. (2001). Compensatory smoking of low-yield cigarettes. In National Cancer Institute (Ed.), Risks associated with smoking cigarettes with low machine-measured yields of tar and nicotine (pp. 39–64). Bethesda: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute.Google Scholar
  2. De Jesus, S., Hsin, A., Faulkner, G., & Prapavessis, H. (2015). A systematic review and analysis of data reduction techniques for the CReSS smoking topography device. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 10, 12–28. doi:10.1017/jsc.2013.31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Shahab, L., West, R., & McNeill, A. (2008). The feasibility of measuring puffing behaviour in roll-your-own cigarette smokers. Tobacco Control, 17(Suppl I), i17–i23. doi:10.1136/tc.2007.021824.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Health SciencesThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada