As nascent messenger RNA (mRNA) is transcribed, it becomes associated with a variety of proteins, collectively termed heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) that will accompany the mRNA transcript through its lifecycle. HnRNPs play critical roles in all aspects of mRNA metabolism and function. From the regulation of transcription to splicing, transport, localization, and stability, these proteins are essential for proper regulation of gene expression. HnRNP A1, a member of the hnRNP A/B family, is one of the best studied hnRNPs (Bekenstein and Soreq 2013; Jean-Philippe et al. 2013). Here, we review the structure and diverse molecular functions of hnRNP A1, with particular emphasis on its involvement in human diseases.
Historically, the presence of cytoplasmic granules and fibrils in basophilic cells has been initially demonstrated using electron microscopy studies (Porter 1954;...
KeywordsAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Hexanucleotide Repeat Importin Beta Inclusion Body Myopathy APOE Promoter
The authors are grateful to all of our group members who contributed to the interest in hnRNP A1 and to the work involved. This study was supported by the Israeli Ministry of Science Aging program (to H.S) and by the NIH (F32-NS084667 to A.B.). We apologize to any colleagues whose work could not be covered due to space limitations.
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