Autism and Epilepsy
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and epilepsy are both clinically heterogeneous entities whose co-occurrence has long been recognized to exist at a frequency that is greater than could be predicted by chance alone. This observation has led to interest in the possibility of shared causal pathways for both disorders and raises the possibility of future novel interventions that could impact the course of both conditions. Further, the co-occurrence of the disorders presents several diagnostic and treatment challenges and controversies. This encyclopedia entry will provide an overview of terminology, epidemiology and etiology, clinical expression, available findings on developmental course, issues in differential diagnosis, and treatment considerations.
Terms associated with autism include autism spectrum disorder (ASD), high-functioning autism (HFA), pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), and infantile autism. ASD are...
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