Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Functional Communication Training

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_775-3

Definition

Functional communication training (FCT) is a systematic approach to intervention in which a more socially appropriate behavior is taught to replace a challenging behavior (Durand 1990; Durand and Merges 2008, 2009; Prelock et al. 2011). It is presumed that the challenging behavior is an attempt to communicate; therefore, vocalizations, manual signs and gestures, or graphic symbols are used to replace the less desirable behaviors. Notably, FCT is used in combination with other interventions (Durand 1999; Olive et al. 2008).

Historical Background

Challenging behavior is a frequent occurrence for individuals with ASD, particularly when they do not possess the speech and language skills required to communicate their wants and needs. These behaviors may include self-injury, tantrums, aggression, etc. Research suggests that individuals with disabilities, and particularly those with ASD, are more likely to exhibit problem behaviors that are frequent, severe, and sustained over...

Keywords

Schizophrenia 
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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Communication Sciences & Disorders, Dean’s OfficeCollege of Nursing & Health SciencesBurlingtonUSA