Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Screening Measures

  • Sarah Hardy
  • Alyssa Orinstein
  • Marianne Barton
  • Deborah Fein
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_607-3

Definition

Autism screening is the process of administering a brief assessment to determine the level of risk for autism. This is usually done by giving parents a brief questionnaire or checklist about their child’s development, including social, language, motor, and cognitive development but can also be done by direct clinical observation. If concerns about a child’s development arise from the screening instrument, the child is referred for a more in-depth, diagnostic, and developmental evaluation.

Historical Background

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are severe disorders of development; the Centers for Disease Control reported prevalence rates as 1 in 68 in 2014 (Baio 2014). Evidence of neurobiological abnormalities in the first year of life (Courchesne 2004) as well as retrospective evaluation of infant behavior (Baranek 1999; Osterling and Dawson 1994) suggests that symptoms of ASD may be present by 12 months. Parents first report concerns around 17–18 months on average, although...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Hardy
    • 1
    • 3
  • Alyssa Orinstein
    • 2
    • 3
  • Marianne Barton
    • 3
  • Deborah Fein
    • 3
  1. 1.Advanced Counseling and Testing SolutionsLancasterUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryTufts Medical CenterBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychological SciencesUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA