Periventricular hemorrhage or intraventricular hemorrhage (PVH-IVH) is a common complication seen in preterm infants. PVH-IVH occurs in this population because of the metabolically active germinal matrix in preterm infants (before 32 weeks of gestation). This germinal matrix is supplied by a highly vascular and fragile capillary network that is vulnerable to flow and pressure changes. Bleeding in this region may damage the nearby white matter tracts leading to later motor disability and other cognitive deficits.
References and Reading
- Kliegman, M. (2011). Nelson textbook of pediatrics (19th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. Chapter 93.Google Scholar