Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Ritvo, Edward

  • Ariella Riva Ritvo
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_1871-5

Name and Degrees

Edward R. Ritvo, M.D.

Major Appointments (Institution, Location, Dates)

  • B.A., Social Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 1951

  • M.D., Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 1955

  • Internship, Massachusetts Memorial Hospital, Boston, MA, 1956

  • Psychiatry Residency, Massachusetts Mental Health Center, Boston, MA, 1956–1958

  • Teaching Fellow in Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Tufts Medical School, Boston, MA, 1957–1958

  • Fellowship in Child Psychiatry, James Jackson Putnam Children’s Center, Boston, MA, 1958–1959

  • Chief, Closed Neuropsychiatric Section, US Army Brook General Hospital, Sam Houston, TX, 1958–1961

  • Fellowship in Child Psychiatry, Reiss-Davis Clinic for Child Psychiatry, Los Angeles, CA, 1961–1962

  • Instructor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor (now Emeritus), Neuropsychiatric Institute, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 1962–Present

Major Honors and Awards

  • The National Society of Autistic Children Annual Award for...


Autism Spectrum Disorder Harvard Medical School Child Psychiatry Autistic Disorder Psychiatry Residency 
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References and Reading

  1. Frankel, F., Freeman, B. J., Ritvo, E., & Pardo, R. (1978). The effect of environmental stimulation upon the stereotyped behavior of autistic children. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 8(4), 389–394.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Freeman, B. J., Ritvo, E., & Miller, R. (1975). An operant procedure to teach an echolalic, autistic child to answer questions appropriately. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 5(2), 169–176.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Freeman, B. J., Ritvo, E. R., Guthrie, D., Schroth, P., & Ball, J. (1978). The behavior observation scale for autism: Initial methodology, data analysis, and preliminary findings on 89 children. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 17(4), 576–588.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Garber, H. J., & Ritvo, E. R. (1992). Magnetic resonance imaging of the posterior fossa in autistic adults. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 149(2), 245–247.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Geller, E., Ritvo, E., Freeman, B. J., & Yuwiler, A. (1982). Preliminary observations on the effects of fenfluramine on blood serotonin and symptoms in three autistic boys. The New England Journal of Medicine, 307, 165–169.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mason-Brothers, A., Ritvo, E. R., Guze, B., Mo, A., Freeman, B. J., Funderburk, S. J., & Schroth, P. C. (1987). Pre-, peri-, and postnatal factors in 181 autistic patients from single and multiple incidence families. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26(1), 39–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ornitz, E. M., & Ritvo, E. R. (1968a). Neurophysiologic mechanisms underlying perceptual inconstancy in autistic and schizophrenic children. Archives of General Psychiatry, 19(1), 22–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ornitz, E. M., & Ritvo, E. R. (1968b). Perceptual inconstancy in early infantile autism. The syndrome of early infant autism and its variants including certain cases of childhood schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 18(1), 76–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ritvo, E. R. (1977). Biochemical studies of children with the syndromes of autism, childhood schizophrenia and related developmental disabilities: A review. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 18(4), 373–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ritvo, E. R., & Freeman, B. J. (1977). National society for autistic children definition of the syndrome of. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 2(4), 142–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ritvo, E. R., Ornitz, E. M., Eviatar, A., Markham, C. H., Brown, M. B., & Mason, A. (1969). Decreased postrotatory nystagmus in early infantile autism. Neurology, 19(7), 653–658.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ritvo, E. R., Yuwiler, A., Geller, E., Ornitz, E. M., Saeger, K., & Plotkin, S. (1970). Increased blood serotonin and platelets in early infantile autism. Archives of General Psychiatry, 23(6), 566–572.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ritvo, E. R., Freeman, B. J., Scheibel, A. B., Duong, T., Robinson, H., Guthrie, D., & Ritvo, A. (1986). Lower Purkinje cell counts in the cerebella of four autistic subjects: Initial findings of the UCLA-NSAC Autopsy Research Report. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 143(7), 862–866.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ritvo, E. R., Freeman, B. J., Pingree, C., Mason-Brothers, A., Jorde, L., Jenson, W. R., et al. (1989). The UCLA-university of Utah epidemiologic survey of autism: Prevalence. Journal of the American Psychiatric, 146(2), 194–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ritvo, R. A., Ritvo, E. R., Guthrie, D., Yuwiler, A., Ritvo, M. J., & Weisbender, L. (2008). A scale to assist the diagnosis of autism and Asperger’s disorder in adults (RAADS): A pilot study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(2), 213–223.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yale University School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA