Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar


  • Maura Moyle
  • Claire Plowgian
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_1673-3



Literacy refers to the ability to read and write and to use these skills functionally in social, academic, and vocational contexts. Individuals with proficient literacy skills are able to comprehend text and effectively express ideas through written language. While the decoding skills of individuals with ASD are often within normal limits, they frequently exhibit poor reading comprehension, particularly with narratives and other complex texts. In addition, they may have difficulty with written expression. The ability to read and write effectively can be an important asset for individuals with ASD. Strategies such as providing scripts for activities of daily living (e.g., asking for help at the grocery store) and encouraging the use of written communication (e.g., e-mails) can help enhance their communicative functioning.

See Also

References and Reading

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  3. O’Connor, I. M., & Klein, P. D. (2004). Exploration of strategies for facilitating the reading comprehension of high-functioning students with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 115–127.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Speech Pathology and AudiologyMarquette UniversityMilwaukeeUSA