Music therapy uses musical activities such as singing, playing instruments, improvisation, and music listening to promote interaction between the therapist and the client and to meet the client’s therapeutic needs. American Music Therapy Association (2005) defined music therapy as “the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program.”
There are many different approaches in music therapy. In a broad sense, music therapy methods can be divided into either active or receptive music therapy, depending on whether the client is actively involved in live music-making processes with the therapist or the client is involved in a preselected music listening using either a recorded music or a live performance. In active, especially the improvisational music therapy intervention, interactive use of live and spontaneous music-making...
References and Reading
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