Teaching Interaction Procedure
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The Teaching Interaction Procedure (TIP) is an applied behavior analysis (ABA)-oriented, systematic instructional procedure of the modeling, practice, and feedback sort. While it, at its core, does contain the basic elements (instruction, opportunity to perform the behavior, and feedback) of Discrete Trial Teaching the TIP contains additional components, is more complex, and is delivered in a more natural conversational and interactive manner. It has been utilized for nearly four decades with individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but has been empirically validated only in the last decade. It can be utilized to teach a variety of skills but is especially suited for instruction in the social area.
The TIP was developed in the early 1970s as part of the Teaching Family Model for court-adjudicated youth (Phillips 1968). It was based on the instructional style used by Lonnie and Elaine Phillips, who served as the original Teaching Parents in the...
References and Reading
- Kassardjian, A., Rudrud, E., Taubman, M., Leaf, J. B., Edwards, A., Schulze, K., et al. (2013). Utilizing teaching interactions to facilitate social skills in the natural environment. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 48(2), 245–257.Google Scholar
- Leaf, J. B., Dotson, W. H., Oppeneheim, M. L., Sheldon, J. B., & Sherman, J. A. (2010). The effectiveness of a group teaching interaction procedure for teaching social skills to young children with a pervasive developmental disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4(2), 186–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Leaf, J. B., Taubman, M., Bloomfield, S., Palos-Rafuse, L., Leaf, R., McEachin, J., & Oppenheim, M. L. (2009). Increasing social skills and pro-social behavior for three children diagnosed with autism through the use of a teaching package. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3(1), 275–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Peters, B., Tullis, C. A., & Gallagher, P. A. (2016). Effects of a group teaching interaction procedure on the social skills of students with autism spectrum disorders. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 51(4), 421–433.Google Scholar
- Taubman, M. T., Leaf, R. B., McEachin, J., & Driscoll, M. (2011). Crafting connections: Contemporary applied behavior analysis for enriching the social lives of persons with autism spectrum disorder. New York, NY: DRL Books.Google Scholar