Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Self-Recognition and Self-Referential Behavior

  • Michael Lewis
  • Lavinia Stoicescu
  • Tara Matthews
  • Kapila Seshadri
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_102037-1

In order to discuss self-recognition in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we will first need to embed the interest in self-recognition into a more general theory of the development of the self-system, in particular that aspect of the system referred to as the self-reflecting aspect of the self. Having done so, the measurement of this aspect of the system will be presented along with data on its development and the relation to brain function. Following this, the research on the development of self-referential behaviors in children with ASD and its relationship to brain function will be discussed (portions of this manuscript have appeared in The Rise of Consciousness and the Development of Emotional Life (©2014 Michael Lewis, Published by The Guilford Press)).

The Self-System

The terms self and nonselfin reference to plants and to cells, as well as to humans, are used. If the term self is confusing, consider several examples from the human literature. The term...


Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Diffusion Tensor Imaging Autistic Disorder Personal Pronoun 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Institute for the Study of Child DevelopmentRutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Children’s Specialized HospitalWarrenUSA
  3. 3.Children’s Specialized HospitalMountainsideUSA
  4. 4.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Developmental Behavioral PediatricsTJH Medical ServicesJamaicaUSA