Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Fred R. Volkmar

Scotland and Autism

  • Iain McClure
  • Marion Rutherford
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_102018-1


It is perhaps fair to say that, as a comparatively small country in terms of population, Scotland has played a leading role in many aspects of autism practice and research.

Scotland’s autism story possibly began a long time ago. While this article will not focus on people with autism, one of the earliest presentations which has been claimed to be a case of autism is that of a Scottish minor aristocrat, Hugh Blair of Borgue (1708–1760s) (Hugh Blair of Borgue – Wikipedia 2016). Blair is described to have presented with various difficulties compatible with the diad (or triad) of impairments, such as obliviousness to social cues, bizarre collecting interests, and repetitive routines. However, Scotland’s prominence in terms of autism history predominantly occupies the last 50 years. The pioneering work of Leo Kanner in the USA led to increasing awareness among Scottish parents about autism and their search for clinicians and educationalists who were interested in helping their...


Autism Spectrum Disorder Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network Communication Disorder Educational Provision Scottish Society 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  2. 2.Queen Margaret UniversityEdinburghUK