Sleep Regulation and Insomnia

Living reference work entry

Abstract

For years, the subject of sleep failed to generate much interest from either the field of medicine or that of psychology – a curious fact, as a 60-year-old has spent some 20 years out of those 60 sleeping. In fact, up until the age of approximately 3 years, a child spends more time asleep than awake. It would be an extraordinary evolutionary oversight if this phenomenon of sleep, which is seen in virtually all organisms, did not have an important and vital function (McNamara, Evolution of sleep phylogenetic and functional perspectives. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2009). The consequences of sleep deprivation make themselves known by interfering with our emotional and cognitive functioning on the following day, when one may also experience the imperative nature of sleep, sometimes at very inconvenient moments (Cluydts, Sleep Med Rev 7(4):293–295, 2003).

Keywords

Acetylcholine Ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) Association of Sleep Disorders Centers Benzodiazepines Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) Histamine Hypocretin-producing neurons Idiopathic insomnia Insomnia Inadequate sleep hygiene Paradoxal insomnia Psychophysiological insomnia Neuronal control Non-REM sleep REM sleep Wakefulness Psychophysiological insomnia Sleep Consequences of Deep sleep EEG traces Flip-flop system Sleep disorders Sleeping and waking Neurobiology Affective disorders Behavioral interventions Cognitive restructuring ICSD-2 classification Insomnia Pharmacology Psychoeducation Relaxation Sleep restriction Stimulus control Suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) Ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sleep and CognitionNetherlands Institute for Neuroscience and VU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Vrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium

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